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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

at the Crimea the choice had lain before the two Democracies—war or
peace ! Either the}' had to accept the demands of Russia in relation to
Poland and Yugoslavia, to the line traced from the Bornhoim Island—
to Trieste, or take the first step which would lead to a state of war between
Russia and the Western World. The Prime Minister with his grave
warnings.* his call for discipline and belief in his leadership—his appeal
to dismiss sentiment for hard reason was to deepen that feeling of fear
of Russia in the British Parliament. The ears were deaf to the voices of
despair arising from that part of Europe where the Soviets had re-placed
the Germans, and where their army, partially equipped by the Atlantic
Democracies for the sole object of fighting ' aggression ' were now in
former German billets. The general tone of the Debate was an unfounded
optimism on the part of the British Government., but a group of twenty-
seven Members revolted against the instructions cf the Whips and put
forward an Amendment on the Polish affair regretting the decision to
transfer Polish territory to Russia and the denial of the rights of the Polish
people to establish their own free government.
The House rejected the Amendment by 395 votes. The 27 Members
who supported it were as follows :—Major Petherick, Mr. Keeling,
Commdr. R. R. Bower, (Cleveland), Squadron-Leader P. W. Donner,
Captain A. C. Graham (Wirral), Mr. W. P. C. Greene (Worcester),
Mr. A. Hopkinson, Sir E. Graham-Littel (London Univ.) Major E. G. R.
Lloyd (Renfrew, E.), Mr. J. McGovern, Sir J. S. P. Me«ior,
Mr. J, P. Morris (Salford, N.), Mr, W. Nunn, Major B. A. J. Peto,
Mr* H. V. A. M. Raikes, Professor D. L. Savory, Col. Sir J. J. Shute,
Comindr, Sir A. R. J. Southby, Mr. C. Stephen, Mr. R. R. Stokes,
Hon. J. J. Stourton, Vice-Adm. E. A. Taylor (P'd'ton S.)3 Flight-Lieut.
W. Teeling, Col. C. N. Thornton-Kemsley, Sir W. A. Wayland, Sir
H. G. Williams (Croydon, S.), Major Lord Willoughby de Eresby.
On March i, 1945, the House of Commons, by 413 * Ayes ' against
nil (although a number expressed their dissatisfaction by absenting
themselves), and the House of Lords nem dis ; passed the motion tabled
by the Government approving the Crimean Declaration and supporting
the Government's policy* The British Parliament were obviously admitting
that Poland was lost and, as far as they were concerned, there was no
desire or willingness to fulfil England's pledges. Their support of the
Government was an acknowledgment of their responsibility, although
hardly any of the speakers made any attempt to pretend that what was
being done was right and just. Peace—peace, at any price for the English
people whatever the cost in blood and tears of the other nations, for the
price of slavery and death of thirty-five million Poles, and one hundred
million of the inhabitants of the Middle Zone, who according to the Soviet
slogans " will blossom into a new life in the sunshine of Stalin's constitu-
tion ".
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